Mar 20, 2008 17:38

     В сообществе выложена очередная книга - "Методические вопросы определения оптимального размера промышленных предприятий". Так что кому нужно - качайте.
     В связи с заполняемость сообщества узкоспециализированной литературой по экономике, в частности, есть список, из которого надо бы выбрать, что качать. См.кат - книг не мало, а именно - 36.
  1. The Internationalization of U.S. Manufacturing:Causes and Consequences.
    Description:On the basis of discussions and analysis of the current environment for international competition, this book was written to dispel misconceptions regarding the motivating forces behind internationalization and, therefore, to improve understanding of both the challenges and the opportunities of a global market and production base. Important consequences of internationalization for both manufacturers and national policy are described. The volume provides an assessment of what it takes to be successful as manufacturers and as a nation in the international competitive environment.
  2. Manufacturing Systems:Foundations of World-Class Practice.
    Description:Some 70 percent of U.S. manufacturing output currently faces direct foreign competition. While American firms understand the individual components of their manufacturing processes, they must begin to work with manufacturing systems to develop world-class capabilities.
    This new book identifies principles--termed foundations--that have proved effective in improving manufacturing systems. Authored by an expert panel, including manufacturing executives, the book provides recommendations for manufacturers, leading to specific action in three areas:

    * Management philosophy and practice.
    * Methods used to measure and predict the performance of systems.
    * Organizational learning and improving system performance through technology.

    The volume includes in-depth studies of several key issues in manufacturing, including employee involvement and empowerment, using learning curves to improve quality, measuring performance against that of the competition, focusing on customer satisfaction, and factory modernization. It includes a unique paper on jazz music as a metaphor for participative manufacturing management.
    Executives, managers, engineers, researchers, faculty, and students will find this book an essential tool for guiding this nation's businesses toward developing more competitive manufacturing systems.
  3. Dispelling the Manufacturing Myth:American Factories Can Compete in the Global Marketplace.
    Description:Conventional wisdom holds that high wages, high capital costs, and worker inflexibility have cost America its ability to compete in the world manufacturing marketplace. This book demonstrates that U.S.-based manufacturing can compete in terms of quality, product features, and timely delivery--the real measures of competitiveness in the 1990s.
    The committee identifies attributes that attract manufacturers to given locations and assesses the attractiveness of the United States as a location for different kinds of manufacturing. The volume dispels myths that have guided management decision making in the past and offers recommendations to promote the United States as a manufacturing site.
    The volume discusses new approaches to understanding and controlling costs. With case studies from three important industries--consumer electronics, semiconductors, and automobiles--the book explores factors in site location decisions, highlighting advantages the United States can offer as a manufacturing site over low-cost rivals.
  4. Unit Manufacturing Processes:Issues and Opportunities in Research.
    Description:Manufacturing, reduced to its simplest form, involves the sequencing of product forms through a number of different processes. Each individual step, known as an unit manufacturing process, can be viewed as the fundamental building block of a nation's manufacturing capability. A committee of the National Research Council has prepared a report to help define national priorities for research in unit processes. It contains an organizing framework for unit process families, criteria for determining the criticality of a process or manufacturing technology, examples of research opportunities, and a prioritized list of enabling technologies that can lead to the manufacture of products of superior quality at competitive costs. The study was performed under the sponsorship of the National Science Foundation and the Defense Department's Manufacturing Technology Program.
  5. Manufacturing Process Controls for the Industries of the Future.
  6. The Competitive Status of the U.S. Civil Aviation Manufacturing Industry: A Study of the Influences of Technology in Determining International Industrial Competitive Advantage.
    Description:Deregulation, higher costs, foreign competition, and financial risks are causing profound changes in civil aviation. These trends are reviewed along with growing federal involvement in trade, technology transfer, technological developments in airframes and propulsion, and military-civil aviation relationships. Policy options to preserve the strength and effectiveness of civil aircraft manufacturing are offered.
  7. Population Growth and Economic Development:Policy Questions.
    Description:This book addresses nine relevant questions: Will population growth reduce the growth rate of per capita income because it reduces the per capita availability of exhaustible resources? How about for renewable resources? Will population growth aggravate degradation of the natural environment? Does more rapid growth reduce worker output and consumption? Do rapid growth and greater density lead to productivity gains through scale economies and thereby raise per capita income? Will rapid population growth reduce per capita levels of education and health? Will it increase inequality of income distribution? Is it an important source of labor problems and city population absorption? And, finally, do the economic effects of population growth justify government programs to reduce fertility that go beyond the provision of family planning services?
  8. Urban Change and Poverty.
    Description: This up-to-date review of the critical issues confronting cities and individuals examines the policy implications of the difficult problems that will affect the future of urban America. Among the topics covered are the income, opportunities, and quality of life of urban residents; family structure, poverty, and the underclass; the redistribution of people and jobs in urban areas; urban economic growth patterns; fiscal conditions in large cities; and essays on governance and the deteriorating state of cities' aging infrastructures.
  9. Inner-City Poverty in the United States.
    Description:This volume documents the continuing growth of concentrated poverty in central cities of the United States and examines what is known about its causes and effects. With careful analyses of policy implications and alternative solutions to the problem, it presents:

    * A statistical picture of people who live in areas of concentrated poverty.
    * An analysis of 80 persistently poor inner-city neighborhoods over a 10-year period.
    * Study results on the effects of growing up in a "bad" neighborhood.
    * An evaluation of how the suburbanization of jobs has affected opportunities for inner-city blacks.
    * A detailed examination of federal policies and programs on poverty.

    Inner-City Poverty in the United States will be a valuable tool for policymakers, program administrators, researchers studying urban poverty issues, faculty, and students.
  10. Technology and Economics
    Description:Engineers need economists' insights about the marketplace to understand how economic forces shape the environment for technological innovation. Just as important, economists must come to understand the power and process of technological change in industry. Technology and Economics defines the common ground for this ongoing dialogue between engineers and economists.
    This book presents the views of some of the leading U.S. economists and technologists who have worked to deepen understanding of the interactions between technology and economics. It explores topics relating to economic growth and productivity, the relation of technical progress to capital formation, investing in productivity growth, the relationship between technology and the cost of capital, future challenges to agricultural research, and innovation in the chemical processing industries.
    Industrialists and technologists, as well as economists, will find this book useful as an overview to issues of common concern.
  11. Mathematical Sciences, Technology, and Economic Competitiveness.
    Description:This book describes the contributions of mathematics to the nation's advanced technology and to economic competitiveness. Examples from five industries--aircraft, petroleum, automotive, semiconductor, and telecommunications--illustrate how mathematics enters into and improves industry.
    Mathematical Sciences, Technology, and Economic Competitiveness addresses these high-technology industries and breadth of mathematical endeavors in the United States as they materially contribute to the technology base from which innovation in these industries flows. The book represents a serious attempt by the mathematics community to bring about an awareness by policymakers of the pervasive influence of mathematics in everyday life.
  12. Global Dimensions of Intellectual Property Rights in Science and Technology
    Description: As technological developments multiply around the globe--even as the patenting of human genes comes under serious discussion--nations, companies, and researchers find themselves in conflict over intellectual property rights (IPRs). Now, an international group of experts presents the first multidisciplinary look at IPRs in an age of explosive growth in science and technology.
    This thought-provoking volume offers an update on current international IPR negotiations and includes case studies on software, computer chips, optoelectronics, and biotechnology--areas characterized by high development cost and easy reproducibility. The volume covers these and other issues:

    * Modern economic theory as a basis for approaching international IPRs.
    * U.S. intellectual property practices versus those in Japan, India, the European Community, and the developing and newly industrializing countries.
    * Trends in science and technology and how they affect IPRs.
    * Pros and cons of a uniform international IPRs regime versus a system reflecting national differences.
  13. Measuring Poverty: A New Approach
    Description: Each year's poverty figures are anxiously awaited by policymakers, analysts, and the media. Yet questions are increasing about the 30-year-old measure as social and economic conditions change.
    In Measuring Poverty a distinguished panel provides policymakers with an up-to-date evaluation of

    * Concepts and procedures for deriving the poverty threshold, including adjustments for different family circumstances.
    * Definitions of family resources.
    * Procedures for annual updates of poverty measures.

    The volume explores specific issues underlying the poverty measure, analyzes the likely effects of any changes on poverty rates, and discusses the impact on eligibility for public benefits. In supporting its recommendations the panel provides insightful recognition of the political and social dimensions of this key economic indicator.
    Measuring Poverty will be important to government officials, policy analysts, statisticians, economists, researchers, and others involved in virtually all poverty and social welfare issues.
  14. Local Fiscal Effects of Illegal Immigration: Report of a Workshop
  15. Competition in the Electric Industry: Emerging Issues, Opportunities, and Risks for Facility Operators.
  16. (NAS Colloquium) Science, Technology and the Economy
  17. International Friction and Cooperation in High-Technology Development and Trade:Papers and Proceedings
  18. Transforming Post-Communist Political Economies
    Description: This ground-breaking new volume focuses on the interaction between political, social, and economic change in Central and Eastern Europe and the New Independent States. It includes a wide selection of analytic papers, thought-provoking essays by leading scholars in diverse fields, and an agenda for future research. It integrates work on the micro and macro levels of the economy and provides a broad overview of the transition process.
    This volume broadens the current intellectual and policy debate concerning the historic transition now taking place from a narrow concern with purely economic factors to the dynamics of political and social change. It questions the assumption that the post-communist economies are all following the same path and that they will inevitably develop into replicas of economies in the advanced industrial West. It challenges accepted thinking and promotes the utilization of new methods and perspectives.
  19. Measuring the Government Sector of the U.S. Economic Accounts
  20. Small-Area Estimates of School-Age Children in Poverty: Evaluation of Current Methodology
  21. Measuring and Sustaining the New Economy:Report of a Workshop
    Description: Sustaining the New Economy will require public policies that remain relevant to the rapid technological changes that characterize it. While data and its timely analysis are key to effective policy-making, we do not yet have adequate statistical images capturing changes in productivity and growth brought about by the information technology revolution. This report on a STEP workshop highlights the need for more information and the challenges faced in measuring the New Economy and sustaining its growth.
  22. At What Price?: Conceptualizing and Measuring Cost-of-Living and Price Indexes
    Description: How well does the consumer price index (CPI) reflect the changes that people actually face in living costs from apples to computers to health care? Given how it is used, is it desirable to construct the CPI as a cost-of-living index (COLI)? With what level of accuracy is it possible to construct a single index that represents changes in the living costs of the nation s diverse population?

    At What Price? examines the foundations for consumer price indexes, comparing the conceptual and practical strengths, weaknesses, and limitations of traditional fixed basket and COLI approaches. The book delves into a range of complex issues, from how to deal with the changing quality of goods and services, including difficult-to-define medical services, to how to weight the expenditure patterns of different consumers. It sorts through the key attributes and underlying assumptions that define each index type in order to answer the question: Should a COLI framework be used in constructing the U.S. CPI?

    In answering this question, the book makes recommendations as to how the Bureau of Labor Statistics can continue to improve the accuracy and relevance of the CPI. With conclusions that could affect the amount of your next pay raise, At What Price? is important to everyone, and a must-read for policy makers, researchers, and employers.
  23. Patents in the Knowledge-Based Economy
  24. Experimental Poverty Measures: Summary of a Workshop
  25. Beyond the Market: Designing Nonmarket Accounts for the United States
    Description: The national income and product accounts that underlie gross domestic product (GDP), together with other key economic data price and employment statistics are widely used as indicators of how well the nation is doing. GDP, however, is focused on the production of goods and services sold in markets and reveals relatively little about important production in the home and other areas outside of markets. A set of satellite accounts in areas such as health, education, volunteer and home production, and environmental improvement or pollution would contribute to a better understanding of major issues related to economic growth and societal well-being.

    Beyond the Market: Designing Nonmarket Accounts for the United States hopes to encourage social scientists to make further efforts and contributions in the analysis of nonmarket activities and in corresponding data collection and accounting systems. The book illustrates new data sources and new ideas that have improved the prospects for progress.
  26. Enhancing Productivity Growth in the Information Age:Measuring and Sustaining the New Economy
  27. Enhancing Human Performance: Issues, Theories, and Techniques
    Description: In its evaluation, Enhancing Human Performance reviews the relevant materials, describes each technique, makes recommendations in some cases for further scientific research and investigation, and notes applications in military and industrial settings. The techniques address a wide range of goals, from enhancing classroom learning to improving creativity and motor skills.
  28. Human Factors Research and Nuclear Safety
  29. Ergonomic Models of Anthropometry, Human Biomechanics and Operator-Equipment Interfaces: Proceedings of a Workshop
  30. Quantitative Modeling of Human Performance in Complex, Dynamic Systems
    Description: This book describes and evaluates existing models of human performance and their use in the design and evaluation of new human-technology systems. Its primary focus is on the modeling of system operators who perform supervisory and manual control tasks. After an introduction on human performance modeling, the book describes information processing, control theory, task network, and knowledge-based models.
    It explains models of human performance in aircraft operations, nuclear power plant control, maintenance, and the supervisory control of process control systems, such as oil refineries. The book concludes with a discussion of model parameterization and validation and recommends a number of lines of research needed to strengthen model development and application.
  31. Emerging Needs and Opportunities for Human Factors Research
    Description: This book identifies areas that represent new needs and opportunities for human factors research in the coming decades. It is forward-looking, problem oriented, and selectively focused on national or global problems, including productivity in organizations, education and training, employment and disabilities, health care, and environmental change; technology issues, including communications technology and telenetworking, information access and usability, emerging technologies, automation, and flexible manufacturing, and advanced transportation systems; and human performance, including cognitive performance under stress and aiding intellectual work.
  32. Water Implications of Biofuels Production in the United States
  33. Coal: Research and Development to Support National Energy Policy
    Description: Coal will continue to provide a major portion of energy requirements in the United States for at least the next several decades. It is imperative that accurate information describing the amount, location, and quality of the coal resources and reserves be available to fulfill energy needs. It is also important that the United States extract its coal resources efficiently, safely, and in an environmentally responsible manner. A renewed focus on federal support for coal-related research, coordinated across agencies and with the active participation of the states and industrial sector, is a critical element for each of these requirements.

    Coal focuses on the research and development needs and priorities in the areas of coal resource and reserve assessments, coal mining and processing, transportation of coal and coal products, and coal utilization.
  34. Vision 21: Fossil Fuel Options for the Future
  35. Coal: Energy for the Future
    Description: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) was given a mandate in the 1992 Energy Policy Act (EPACT) to pursue strategies in coal technology that promote a more competitive economy, a cleaner environment, and increased energy security.
    Coal evaluates DOE's performance and recommends priorities in updating its coal program and responding to EPACT.
    This volume provides a picture of likely future coal use and associated technology requirements through the year 2040. Based on near-, mid-, and long-term scenarios, the committee presents a framework for DOE to use in identifying R&D strategies and in making detailed assessments of specific programs.
    Coal offers an overview of coal-related programs and recent budget trends and explores principal issues in future U.S. and foreign coal use.
    The volume evaluates DOE Fossil Energy R&D programs in such key areas as electric power generation and conversion of coal to clean fuels.
    Coal will be important to energy policymakers, executives in the power industry and related trade associations, environmental organizations, and researchers.
  36. Electricity in Economic Growth
    Description:This volume surveys the complex relationships between economic activity and electricity use, showing how trends in the growth of electricity demand may be affected by changes in the economy, and examining the connection between the use of electrotechnologies and productivity. With a mix of historical perspective, technical analysis, and synthesis of econometric findings, the book brings together a summary of the work of leading national experts.

     Так что - вперед! Не надо останавливаться на достигнутом! ))

сообщество, книжки

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